Tag Archives: South Africa

World Food Day – Global School Dinner Debate

A couple of weeks ago the BBC’s World Class team hosted an online global chat about school food on World Food Day (16th October).

Children from around the world sent messages about, and photos of their school lunches, and joined in the debate about issues including whether school meals should be free for everybody.

The children’s thoughts and insights were enlightening and thought-provoking, and watching it all play out live in real time was a really wonderful experience.

Here’s a summary of their comments from the two hour conversation.

Kicking off the conversation was Emmanuel from The Sagar School in Rajasthan, India talking about whether children like to eat healthy food.

Emmanuel wrote: “Yes I like to eat what’s good for me because the better you eat, the healthier you become. The good food you eat gives you more energy. You cannot live without food. If you don’t eat food you don’t survive. People in many countries don’t get food. So why waste food? Eat everything you get!”

Also joining the debate were children from Arkatan Primary School in the Arusha region of Tanzania who were online and answering questions from other children. The school are part of the World Food Programme’s ‘Food for Education’ scheme. The WFP provide free porridge and lunch to the pupils every day.

Ghss Kamballur from Kerala, India asked them: “What do you eat there – wheat, rice or any other grain? Is there food scarcity? What do you do in your school to minimise the wasting of food?”

Khaitan Public School in Sahibabad, India sent in some pictures of their lunch but sadly I can’t share the pictures with you.

Pupils from Matero Girls’ High School in Lusaka, Zambia, asked Arkatan School: “How many pupils do you have in the school? What type of food is prepared for the pupils? How do the pupils get to school?”

PSBB KK Nagar in Nagar, Rajasthan, India sent a picture of their lunchtime.

Children from the U.K then joined the debate. Suzie from St Mary’s CEP Primary School in Folkestone, UK sent in a picture of her lunch and wrote: “For my lunch I had mince with mash, peas & carrots. For pudding I had apple crumble & custard, I had water to drink. It was all very nice & I like my school dinners”

Arkatan School sent some answers and a picture back to GHSS Kamballur’s questions:

“We eat maize mixed with beans (makande), morning porridge. For the time being there is drought at our area so there is food scarcity. We prepare food according to school attendances and ration to everybody.”

Chen Chia Ying from Wesley Girls’ High School in Taipei city, Taiwan sent some interesting comments.

“At school, most of the time we have soup, four meat or vegetable dishes, and either rice or noodles for our meals. Students at my school wanted to do something to help the Earth, so a few years ago we started eating vegetarian every Monday. We rarely eat fast food for lunch and junk foods and sugary drinks aren’t allowed in our school. These things help us to remain healthy.”

Joining from South Africa, Danville Park Girls School in Durban shared their thoughts.

Prenisha writes: “At our school a group makes sandwiches for “bread buddies”, that is a scheme where we send the sandwiches to a school which needs them. I love being part of the group because I have seen the smile on the face of the child who receives the sandwiches.”

Arkatan Primary School sent a reply to the questions sent in by Matero Girls High School In Zambia:

“We have 174 Boys and 267 Girls – a total of 390 in the main school. In our pre-school we have 12 boys and 39 girls – a total of 51. They all get maize mixed with beans for lunch, and morning porridge. All pupils attended school on foot.”

The pupils from St Mary’s CEP Primary School in Folkestone returned to share their thoughts on free school meals.

Isabel wrote: “If you live in a poor part of a country like Kenya, Nepal, Nigeria and countries where there have been floods or droughts and the harvest has failed, then I think that all the children should be given free school dinners because your parents won’t have any money to buy food. If you live in a wealthy country most people have enough money to buy food.”

George wrote: “Free school dinners from World Aid, encourage the children in Nepal & other countries to go to school each day and they enjoy school and this helps them to learn more things and they don’t have to starve all day.”

Arkatan Primary School in Tanzania sent some questions for children elsewhere in the world: Where did you get water for cooking in your school? Do you enjoy having lunch in your school? How many cooks do you have?

The Sagar School in Rajasthan, India held a special ‘World Food Day’ assembly and added some more thoughts to the conversation.

Sehej wrote: “I like to eat what’s good for me. I eat healthy food for being fit and active throughout the day. Sometimes, I feel that a change of diet is also a must. So I might just eat junk food once a week. I thank God for whatever he has given to me. Sometimes I also feel that whatever I am getting is more than required and that extra portion should be given to the one who need it most-that is the poor and hungry people.”

Yashika wrote: “I might eat things which may or may not be good for my health. I eat things which I find tasty, but whatever I eat I make sure that I am not overeating or wasting because there are many people starving…”

St Mary’s CEP Primary School in Folkestone, UK came back to say that they are encouraged to bring healthy packed lunches to school. And they sent a photo.

Khaitan Public School in Sahibabad, India, added:

“Our students took a pledge that they would not waste any food on the school campus and they would be more thoughtful towards the people who produce the food.”

Children from Danville Park Girls School in Durban, South Africa watched the short video on the BBC World Class website about lunches in Nepal, Malawi and the UK and shared their thoughts.

Emily wrote: “Watching the BBC clips made me feel very privileged and spoilt, I am grateful for what I have.”

Mariam wrote: “It is very important for children to eat nutritious food, there are many children around the world who have no food to eat. These children should be given food, so that they can concentrate in school.”

Emily and Beth from St Mary’s CEP Primary School in Folkestone, UK added:

“In the UK, only families that don’t or can’t find work should receive money from the government for free school meals. If everyone was able to have a free school meal in the UK, even people who could afford to pay, it would cost the government loads of money & if this was the case we might not have enough money to give to transport food to send away to people in poorer countries of the world.

World Aid should continue to give food to schools as this is sometimes the only food that some children have in a whole day.”

Danville Park Girls School in Durban, South Africa shared what they have for lunch.

Sharlene writes, “I have sandwiches, apple and orange for lunch and apple juice to drink”

Taryn writes, “I have yoghurt, sandwich and fruit, and a snack of sweets and nuts.”

Jitin from The Sagar School in Rajasthan, India wrote: “I didn’t like to eat what is good for me but I still eat it as I know that it will improve my health and clean and energize my body.

“I eat it also because I am aware that many people in the world don’t even get that to eat. If I waste it I feel I have committed a sin as it could have done a lot of good to the many who wake up hungry and sleep hungry, hoping that they might get food the next day.”

Alisha from St Marys CEP School in Folkestone watched the BBC World Class film ‘School lunches in Nepal’ and sent in her thoughts.

“Here in the UK, most of us don’t think about where our food comes from, we just eat it without thinking.

“At school we can even choose what we want to eat from a selective menu and get different meals each day. We also have plenty of tap water that is put in water jugs on our dinner tables.

“In Nepal and some other countries, the children go to school so that they can get a free meal (maybe their only food in a whole day) and that food takes a really long and dangerous journey, that takes several days to reach them.

“They also only have one water pipe coming into their whole village.

“We need to be thankful that we can just go down to the shops to get more food when we need it in England.”

Casey & Mia from St Mary’s CEP Primary in Folkestone, UK both age 9, wrote in after watching the ‘School dinners in Malawi’ film.

“We don’t agree that everyone should automatically get a free school dinner, especially in England,” they wrote.

Joining the BBC World Class debate from Nepal was Amrit from Gyanodaya International Residential School in Kathmandu, saying,

“Yes I would like to eat what is good for me because it provides me with all the nutrients needed for my proper development of body.

“We people of Nepal consider and follow the sayings of Lord Sai Baba that ‘Food IS GOD’”.

“We have some remote places like places of Himalayan region where people have to risk their lives just to get to the nearest shop and buy the food.”

BBC World class added some insight about life at Arkatan school in Tanzania and their participation in the World Food Programme’s ‘Food for Education’ scheme. To run the programme at Arkatan Primary, the community supplies firewood and water. They also helped build the school kitchen and stove.

Abhijeet from The Sagar School in Rajasthan, India wrote: “I don’t like to eat healthy food as most of the food items that are healthy are really not good in taste. But I try some food items as I sometimes think that health comes first. When I got chickenpox, I had to eat food which was healthy for me but extremely bad in taste, but I ate it for the sake of regaining my health faster. So I would say we eat healthy food for health not for taste.”

Amrit from Gyanodaya School in Kathmandu, Nepal, sent a reply to Casey & Mia.

“I think giving free lunch depends upon the condition of the people. In a country like theirs they have less percentage of poverty so their parents can provide them with the food but in a country like mine and India there is high percentage of poverty so schools should make an arrangement to provide free food.”

Khaitan Public School in Sahibabad, India sent a photo of their lunchtime and Shannon at St Mary’s CEP School in Folkstone, UK concluded the debate with an insight into her packed lunch.

It was striking to see the big differences between the schools, and the food the children were eating around the world, as well as their beliefs and opinions about the food.

My thanks to BBC World Class for allowing me to reproduce the debate here. You can join them on Facebook here or track their weekly debates on Twitter using the hashtag #worldclassdebate

Apologies and European School Food

So poor School Food World has got off to a rather bumpy start. Having launched it when I was quiet, I am suddenly inundated with work and have had to set the site on the back burner.

But my ideal is to post about school meals around the world if not every day then every other day, and my intention is that I will get better at finding the time to do that.

So finding myself with an unexpected extra hour this morning I thought I would attempt to get back on track by highlighting a recent post on the European Food Information Council website about school meals and nutritional standards. Unfortunately it’s not credited so I can’t say who wrote it, but it is an academic style summary of the way food is served and provided to children in different European countries. It also cites a number of studies and further references which is handy for me to do additional research.

After pointing to the benefits that nutritious school meals can have for children and their learning, the article goes on to describe some examples of best practice in different countries.

I particularly like the idea of a ‘plate model’ that’s used in Sweden and Finland where all school meals are funded by the government. Although children receive their food from a central server, the plate model at the start of the process allows them to serve themselves, but shows them roughly how their plate should look at the end.

This way of engaging children with the food selection process is a fantastic way of teaching them how to construct a healthy meal for themselves. If food is simply dropped on a plate by one of the school caterers, how much are the children involved with understanding the way the plate is made up? By allowing children to construct their own plate, you can have a conversation with them about how much protein, dairy, vegetables and carbohydrates should be there, and what excellent lessons and understanding to receive at such an early age. Invaluable for them going into the future.

Of course for caterers in the UK portion control would be an issue, which is perhaps why this works in countries where the food is funded by the government. But I would love to see a UK caterer trial this – perhaps amongst juniors rather than infants – and see how it went. I think most children would be sensible and know not to take too much of one item. Controls could be used by offering second helpings if children are still hungry and food is available at the end of service. Or turn it into a game where children receive a sticker if their plate closely resembles the model. What do you think? Would you be prepared to let juniors serve themselves?

In France school meals are constructed from a series of basic elements. Each lunch consists of a main, a side, a dairy item and a starter or dessert. The main will consist of meat, eggs, fish, cheese or offal (can you imagine the faces of British children?!).

French standards apply to lunches and sound complicated but I suspect are more simple when you know them. Based on a 20 meal rotation, restrictions are placed on how often items are served. So at least 10 of the 20 meals must have cooked vegetables, eight meals will be served with a fresh fruit pudding, 10 meals will include starchy foods, cereals or pulses and so on. Portion sizes vary according to the age of the children.

Some of the Benelux countries – the Netherlands, Belgium, Norway and Denmark – as well as Portugal, Switzerland and Austria (and also New Zealand and South Africa) do not have a well established school meal system. Mostly that’s because children tend to go home to eat because the school day ends early in the afternoon. Finnish children are not allowed to bring a packed lunch.

The article concludes that although standards applied to school meals are to be applauded, they will only work if children like, choose and eat the meals. It cites some examples where children are involved with menu selection and taste testing, and this again I think can only be beneficial for schools, caterers and children.

Everyone in a school needs to be fully engaged with the discussion and provision of lunches or take-up will continue to falter. Head teachers, governors, parents and children should be involved with – and excited by – meal options and be involved with the choices. Time and again it’s been shown that where the school kitchen and lunch is fully integrated as a part of school life, and children are involved with growing ingredients, or designing the meals, or tasting them, that catering provision will thrive and take-up will climb.

I’d love to hear about schools where this is happening and thoughts about how do we get busy head teachers and governors to really get behind their food provision.